In an earlier guide, I covered the basics of VPS servers and deploying your first one. Now, it’s time to focus on securely connecting to your VPS server.
This guide will show you how to connect to your VPS server securely using Secure Shell (SSH).
What is Secure Shell?
Secure Shell, or SSH, allows two computers to create a secure, direct connection within a potentially insecure network, like the internet. This is crucial to prevent others from intercepting the data flow and accessing sensitive information.
Before SSH, there were different ways, but they needed to be safer. Applications like Telnet, Remote Shell, or rlogin were often used, but they had serious security problems.
SSH encrypts the connection between the two computers, enabling one computer to control another.
For us, it’s how we connect to our VPS servers and administrate them from our computer.
Info: The development of SSH has influenced other protocols. For instance, the insecure FTP protocol, used for uploading and downloading files, evolved into the SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP).
One of SSH’s advantages is its compatibility across major operating systems. Originating as a Unix application, it’s inherently implemented in Linux distributions and macOS.
All Linux-based VPS servers let you connect to them directly using SSH, and that’s exactly what we’ll do in this guide.
Info: People often use ssh as a verb, saying how to ssh into a VPS server instead of how to connect to a VPS server.
Connecting to a VPS Server
To connect to your VPS server, you’ll need the root password and the server’s IP address.
Many providers either let you set this password while creating the server on their website or send it to you via email along with the server details, like Hetzner does.
The root password provided by providers like Hetzner is temporary. Once you’re in your VPS server, you’ll need to change it.
Once you have the server IP and root password, connecting to the VPS server is simple. Just open the terminal and type this:
Enter the password, and that’s it – you’re in!
Note: On Mac or Linux, you can simply use the local terminal. For Windows, I suggest using Git Bash.
If it’s your first time connecting to the server (which I assume it is, otherwise, you wouldn’t be here reading this guide), your terminal might ask if you want to add this server to your list of known hosts – type yes to add it.
You will now be able to run commands on the server directly from your terminal.
Conclusion and Final Thoughts
I hope this guide has been super helpful for you.
If you found value in this guide or have any questions or feedback, please don’t hesitate to share your thoughts in the comments section below. Your input is greatly appreciated, and you can also contact me directly if you prefer.